If anybody asks you, what could be the ideal place for the large-scale solar installation. One of your answers could be “the deserts”. The obvious reason for choosing this place as these are considered the wastelands and installing solar panels could be the most optimum use of the land and area.
The desert climatic conditions pose unique challenges to each component of the solar power system which need to be addressed proactively.
Deserts are dry regions with very less or no precipitation (< 250 mm of rainfall throughout the year) supporting few flora and fauna. The deserts are defined by their dryness and it can be hot like the Sahara Desert in Africa or cold like Antarctica or the Gobi Desert. It is because of these factors the deserts are very scarcely populated.
"The one- third (33%) of the total land mass consists of deserts covering more than \(45\ million\ km^2\) of the area
The deserts offer advantages to the Solar
The deserts are not suitable for agriculture and living for humans. Therefore, the most optimum use of the deserts is the solar power installation. It offers the following advantages to support this point of view:
There are some sizeable projects installed in the deserts and many more are under planning. The some of them are as follows: